The Ten Comandements A Cross

Whose Law? -- Lesson 1

Two different laws are given in the word of God: the law of Moses and the law of Jesus Christ. Because they are different, we cannot serve under both. As we study, we will see the purposes of both laws and which one applies to us today.

NOTE: (Before answering any questions,
please look up all scriptures mentioned in this lesson.)


Almost from his beginning, man chose to disobey God. When he was given a choice of what to do, he considered his own desires, and not the desires of God. But God had paths, and he had a long-range plan for bringing man back into obedience. He gave him a law to help him to know what sin was and to understand how terrible it was.

We know this law as "The Law of Moses." It contained over 500 separate rules for the Israelites to live by. It demanded that they obey God without questioning, and they lived under its rule for about 1,500 years.

Moses and the Ten Comandements

The basic foundation of the Law of Moses was the Ten Commandments. In Exodus 19:25 we can read of Moses coming down off Mount Sinai to bring to the people the law he had received while he was in the presence of God. And in Exodus 20:3-17, we find each of the commandments listed.

We can tell from the words of Moses in Deuteronomy 30:15,16 what blessing came from keeping the law: "See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil. In that I command thee this day to love the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways and his statutes and his judgments, that thou mayest live and multiply, and the Lord thy God shall bless you." By keeping the law, the Israelites became a mighty nation.

Now, let's look at that law and see what kind of law it was. In 1 Timothy 1:8, we see that it was "good." In Romans 7:12, it is "holy," and in Romans 7:14, it is "spiritual." So the Law of Moses was good, holy, and spiritual; but it had faults, Hebrews 8:7. It could not forgive sin, even for the Israelite. His sacrifices could not take away sin; they only postponed its consequences for a while.


Finally, God knew that mankind was ready for a new kind of law, a permanent one. Man had sinned, grown to know what sin was, at tempted to avoid sin, and learned to try to live closer to God. As God unfolded this plan for the future of mankind, he sent Jesus. When Christ came with the good news that man, through him, could be washed clean of sin, he offered something better than the Old Law.

Grace - Truth

The Ten Commandments were God's first step toward changing men's attitudes, and God took the last step when he sent Jesus to give us opportunity to obey from the heart. We can read of this in Hebrews 8:6-7 and 12:24. Christ continues to tell us about the Old Law compared to the New Law in Hebrews 8:8-13.

In the Old Testament, there are over 300 prophecies that foretell the coming of Jesus. Just as they described him, he came. As they described his death, he died. And as they pictured his coming to life again, he was resurrected. The Israelites, under the Old law, had waited for a Savior, knowing that he would offer them a better way.

New law (New Testament) replaced the Old law

When Jesus came to earth, he fulfilled Old Law. When he died on the cross, the Old Law died too. It was taken out of the way, and was no longer the law for God's children to live under, Colossians 2:14-15. In its place, Jesus gave the world the New Testament to be its guide.

The Old Law had many legal demands. The New Law is obeyed through love, 1 John 5:3. So the New Law combined law and love. It teaches us to obey, as the Old Law did, but it teaches us to obey through love for Jesus Christ.

Armed Forces

If you join the United States Armed Forces, you must salute officers, eat in a mess hall, and wear a uniform, because those are the rules. After you have been discharged from the armed forces, you are no longer under those rules. You are discharged, or delivered from that set of rules.

Read Romans 7:6-7. When we were released from the Law of Moses, including the Ten Commandments, we were discharged from them. This happened at Christ's death. He has released us. We no longer serve the Old Law. We are now free to serve Christ under his New Law, a law of love.


What law do I live under? We, today, live under the Law of Jesus Christ, the New Law, revealed to us in the New Testament. And if we are living under that new law, then we no longer have to obey the Old Law.

Does this mean that we no longer have to obey the Ten Commandments? Read Galatians 3:23-26. Our commandments now come through Jesus, not through Moses. Therefore, in order to find out what God wants me to do, I turn not to the Old Testament, but to the New Testament. There are three reasons why we cannot today look in the Old Testament to find out what God wants us to do:

1. The Old Testament was God's law to the Israelites. Gentiles were never under it.
2. The Old Testament did not have a plan for forgiveness of sins, even for the Israelite.
3. Jesus took the Law of Moses out of the way when he died, Hebrews 10:10.


As you study your New Testament, you will find that each of the Ten Commandments is rephrased in the New Law, except one. That one is "Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy." At Jesus' death, a new worship day was established: the first day of the week. Throughout the New Testament, the ideas in the Ten Commandments are stressed, but they are to be done through love, not through fear.



JNO. 1:17

COL. 2:14

GAL. 3:24-25




JNO. 1:17


GOSPEL              POWER
ROM. 1:16              1 COR. 15:1-4

OLD  LAW       (Exodus 20:3-17)

1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
4. Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy.
5. Honor thy father and mother.
6. Thou shalt not kill.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness.
10. Thou shalt not covet.


1. Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Matthew 4:10.
2. Guard yourself from idols. 1 John 5:20.
3. Swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath James 5:12.
4. Meet upon the first day of the week (Sunday). Acts 20:7, 1 Cor. 16:1-2
5. Honor thy father and mother. Ephesians 6:5.
6. Thou shalt not kill. Romans 13:9.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Romans 13:9.
8. Thou shalt not steal. Romans 13:9.
9. Lie not to one another. Colossians 3:9.
10. Covetousness, let it not even be named among you. Ephesians 5:3.


statute--a written law
spiritual--holy, religious
permanent--lasting, continuing
prophecy--telling of the future
resurrection--rising from the dead
fulfill--to complete the plan
salvation--deliverance of the soul from sin and death

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on the law of Moses

1. What was the name of the basic rules of the Old Law?

2. Three words used to describe the Old Law are

    , and

3. What blessing for the Israelite came from the Old Law?

4. How many years did the Israelites live under the Law of Moses?

5. Name four of the Ten Commandments:


6. Where did Moses receive the Law from God?

7. What book of the Old Testament lists the Ten Commandments?

Questions (True or False)
on the law of Jesus Christ

1. Jesus offered something better than the Law of Moses.
      True False

2. The Old Law was taken out of the way when Jesus was born.
      True False

3. You can receive forgiveness of your sins by obeying the Ten Commandments.
      True False

4. The Old Law taught man to obey God.
      True False

5. There are about 30 prophecies about Jesus written in the Old Testament.
      True False

6. Jesus had to die in order for the New Law to begin.
      True False

7. We obey the New Law from the heart.
      True False

8. The Israelites living under the Old Law looked for a savior.
      True False

9. The New Law is a permanent one.
      True False

10. The New Law is to be obeyed through fear of the wrath of God.
      True False

Questions    (Mark the correct answer)
on What About Me?

1. Today we live under the law of
      A.   Moses,   B.   Jesus,   C.   the armed forces.

2. To find out what God wants for me today, I need to read
      A.   the newspaper,   B.   the Old Testament,   C.   the New Testament.

3. We were discharged from the Old Law when
      A.   the Bible was written,   B.   Jesus died,   C.   Moses died.

4. The New Law was given because the Old Law was
      A.   imperfect,   B.   not much fun,   C.   just written on rocks.

5. We are delivered, or discharged, from
      A.   the Old Law,   B.   the New Law,   C.   both laws.

6. The Old Testament
      A.   forgave a person's sins through sacrifices,   B.   forgave a person's sin when he obeyed the law perfectly,   C.   could not forgive a person's sins.

7. According to Galatians, we are children of God by
      A.   doing what we think is best,   B.   memorizing scripture,   C.   faith in Jesus.

8. The thing that I have today which the Israelites did not have is
      A.   God,   B.   rules,   C.   a savior.

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